groundnuts are grown for their edible seeds which are used as a nutritious pulse and not as an oilseed. The fresh seeds may be eaten in the unripe stage, but mature seeds are very hard and have to be roasted or boiled. The dried seeds are sometimes ground into flour. The ripe seeds produce an almost balanced food with 16-21% protein, 4-7% fat and 50-60% carbohydrates.
Bambara is an annual low growing leguminous plant with small flowers, which after fertilization develop flower stalks which elongate and push into the ground, where the 1-2 seeded pods develop, in a similar manner to groundnuts. It is found wild in West Africa, and is cultivated throughout tropical Africa, in Madagascar and the Far East. It is widely grown in Zambia.
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