|A cluster of pearl millet seedlings will emerge from the soil at each station, 3-5 days after planting under adequate soil moisture. Competition for the limited nutrients starts then and becomes severe as plants grow. It is therefore vital to remove some of the plants by hand-pulling them. It is recommended to leave only 3 or less healthy plants per station.Thinning should be done before tillering starts, generally about a month after planting. Plants removed through thinning are sometimes transplanted to fill-in wide gaps. This should be done the same day and only under adequate soil moisture. Gap filling is not encouraged when soil moisture is limiting, and seedlings are overgrown.