|A row spacing of 60 cm and 10cm between stations is recommended for both seed and commercial crops, with a seed rate of 80 kg/ha of shelled nuts. This gives an optimum plant population of 130,000 plants per hectare. The optimum date of planting is late November to early December and the crop matures in about 130-140 days after planting.
The crop is often grown in mixed cultivation systems and sometimes in pure stands. For seed production purposes, a pure stand is recommended. Light surface cultivation, involving mounding or earthing up should be done in order to avoid capping shortly after flowering. This operation is vital as it facilitates the easy penetration of the gynophones into the soil.
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