|Harvesting is done when 95% of the leaves have turned yellow to brown and are dropping off. Soybeans can shatter and cause serious yield losses if not harvested on time.|
To avoid excessive splitting of seeds when combine harvesting a soybean seed crop, special attention must be paid to adjust the combine. Split seed should also be separated after harvest.
Hand harvesting of soybean seed gives a higher seed quality and reduces yield losses due to combine harvesting. It is done by cutting the stem above the ground level. Harvested plants are put in bags or heaped on a tarpaulin or concrete floor and threshed. It is then winnowed and cleaned. Soybean seed must be stored in a cool, dry place after the moisture content has been reduced to 14% or below. Drying facilities are an essential part of the harvesting and storage system in a large scale production.
Yields of 4.0 metric tons/ha and above are achievable with supplemen